Today, semiconductor devices have become the hallmark of innovation and technological prowess that have enabled transistors, tens of thousands of times thinner than a strand of hair. Fab Labs make the tools to develop prototypes including CNC cutting, plasma metal cutting, laser cutting, electronics and microprocessors, and 3D printing and scanning. The first Super Fab Lab set up in Kerala in collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) aims to give a major push to the hardware industry by eliminating boundaries between the digital and physical worlds. Projects like ‘Shakti’ of IIT Madras and ‘Ajit’ of IIT Bombay have made indigenous microprocessors a reality for India.
Although according to MeitY, domestic production escalated from USD 29 billion in 2014-15 to USD 70 billion in 2019-20, most production only involves final assembly in India. Focus on such last-mile industries enables deep backward linkages resulting in enhancement of industrialization. Economic Survey 2019-20 highlighted “assembly in India for the world”, particularly in “networked products”, aiming to create four crore well-paid jobs by 2025 and eight crore jobs by 2030. The Indian electronics sector has witnessed rapid growth which is expected to cross USD 400 billion by 2023-24. Through various schemes, the Government has laid thrust on boosting the electronics/ semiconductor manufacturing landscape and establishing India’s position in this sector globally.
*Source- Indian Semiconductor Industry report by Indian Brand Equity Foundation (Feb 2020)
Electronics system design manufacturing (ESDM) industries
Chips are being designed every year in India
Engineers are working on various aspects of chip design and verification
revenue(estimated) generated by industry till 2020
Indian government approved an outlay of ₹3,285 crore in Semiconductors and electronic component manufacturing promotion scheme
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTY) launched National Policy on Electronics 2019