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About the PSA Office

The Government of India established the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) in November 1999. The PSA’s office aims to provide pragmatic and objective advice to the Prime Minister and the cabinet in matters of Science and Technology. The Office of PSA was placed under the Cabinet Secretariat in August, 2018.

Prof. Ajay Kumar Sood is currently serving as the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India.


PSA's roles

  • 1

    S&T fundamentals with applied research in collaboration with multiple stakeholders, both in central and state governments

  • 2

    Enabling future preparedness in emerging domains of science and technology

  • 3

    Formulating and coordinating major inter-ministerial S&T missions

  • 4

    Providing an enabling ecosystem for technology led innovations and techno-entrepreneurship

  • 5

    Driving innovation and technology delivery towards solving socio-economic challenges for sustainable growth

  • 6

    Fostering effective public-private linkages for driving research and innovation

Key Initiatives Undertaken By the Office of the PSA


The Prime Minister’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) is an overarching council that expedite the PSA’s Office to appraise the status in specific science and technology domains, comprehend challenges, formulate interventions, develop a futuristic roadmap and advise the Prime Minister accordingly.

Learn more


Meet The Team


A K Sood
Prof. Ajay Kumar SoodPrincipal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India


Jitendra R. GaikwadStaff Officer to PSA
AbhijitUnder Secretary
Shri B. ManiPrincipal Staff Officer
Vikas SrivastavaDeputy Secretary

Former Principal Scientific Advisers

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Dr. R. Chidambaram
Prof. K. VijayRaghavan

In the office from November 1999 to November 2001

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Major Initiatives as PSA

Dr. Abdul Kalam, as the first PSA was responsible for evolving policies, strategies and missions for many development applications.

Significant Awards

1981 - Padma Bhushan
1990 - Padma Vibhushan
1997- Bharat Ratna


  • Graduated in Science from St. Joseph's College, Trichy in 1954 and specialized in Aeronautical Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1957
  • At Indian Space Research Organisation, served as Project Director and developed India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3)
  • Responsible for the evolution of ISRO's launch vehicle programme, particularly the PSLV configuration
  • As Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), he developed the Indigenous Guided Missiles at Defence Research and Development Organisation
  • Created Research Centre Imarat for advanced technologies
  • Was the Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development between 1992-1999
  • Became the 11th President of India on 25th July 2002


  • 2007 - the King Charles-II Medal for Science and Technology by The Royal Society, UK 
  • 2008 - Woodrow Wilson Award
  • 2009 - International Medal by The Royal Academy of Engineering, London 
  • 2009 - Hoover Medal 2008 by The Hoover Board of Awards 
  • 2009 - International Von Karman Wings Award by The Aerospace Historical Society in Collaboration with the Graduate Aerospace Laboratories (GALCIT)


Honorary Doctorates

Dr. Kalam has the unique honour of receiving honorary doctorates from 48 Universities and institutions from India and abroad. Major Universities include:


  • Nyenrode Business University
  • Netherlands; Nanyang Technological University
  • Singapore; Carnegie Mellon University
  • Pittsburgh, USA
  • University of Wolverhampton, UK
  • University of Kentucky, USA
  • Oakland University, Michigan USA
  • University of Waterloo, Canada
  • University Sans Malaysia, Malaysia 
  • University Australia
  • The Simon Fraser University, Vancouver

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