1. Vaccine carrier prototype has been tested for results under varying conditions
2. Portable standalone vaccine carrier which can be carried easily by peripheral health care worker or an Anganwadi or ASHA worker to the remote location
3. Eight months from project initiation to the deployment of vaccine box in primary health care centers and testing
Dr. Devendra Deshmukh, Dr. Shilpa Raut and Prof. Abhay Gaidhane
1. Manufacturer has a production capacity of over 1000 units per day
2. Much cheaper than dry ice, with the product capable of being used several times over - after 200 or 300 deliveries the effective cost of the product per round of vaccine delivery falls below INR 1
3. Product requires minimum maintenance but needs auxiliaries in the form of ‘Blast Freezers’ to bring the gelpacks to a -20 to -70 degree Celcius range
Total funding TBC (dependent on the total units of gelpacks and blast freezers required by govt.)
Blast Freezer (-30 degree Celcius), 500 ltr: 50,000/unit
Blast Freezer (-80 degree Celcius), 50 ltr: 1,50,000/unit
Gelpacks (T-23 degree Celsius): 92/kg
Gelpacks (T-74 degree Celsius): 260/kg
Pan-India and globally
1. Emvólio is a portable, battery-powered refrigeration device that will strictly maintain any preset temperature for over 12 hours for last mile transport of vaccines.
2. Has a 2-litre capacity which enables it to carry 30-50 vials, which is standard for a daylong immunization campaign.
3. Other device capabilities include continuous temperature monitoring, location tracking, state of charge indication, communication with headquarters via live tracking, and vital statistics for improved coverage.
4. One of the Emvolio users has reported saving INR 13,000 every month as a direct consequence of not having to discard unused vaccines at the end of the day’s field trip. Field doctors report that with Emvólio’s battery performance, they are now able to immunize twice as many children in tribal regions as they were previously able to with ice-based systems.
5. The device is easily integrated into the existing eVIN system using APIs, thus providing MoHFW end-to-end visibility of all vaccines.
6. C-CAMP will coordinate, mentor and provide deployment assistance to the device maker, including connecting them to relevant state govt officials in Karnataka.
1,75,00,000 (for 100 devices)
1,13,00,000 (for 50 devices)
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Platforms (C-CAMP)
Dr. Taslimarif Saiyed
1. Tentative cost of transportation: ~50 INR/hour of cooling (2-8 °C)
2. Current prototype cost of each device: 15,000 INR
3. Estimated cost of mass-manufactured device: 5,000 INR
4. Currently, a prototype device is ready and available for testing. Additional resources are needed to improve prototype robustness and scalability
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Karnataka, followed by other neighboring states (Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh) in a phased manner
Dr. Manish Arora, Prof. Ashitava Ghosal and Prof. Balan Gurumoorthy
Prototype not yet developed
15038.13 per unit, total number of units TBD by government
Arnab Banerjee, Antariksha Sarkar
1. ZedBlox ActiPod is a patent pending, innovative last-mile cold chain solution that maintains the desired target temperature of Covid vaccines under all conditions
2. Product has been validated for biological safety under the supervision of Dr. Madhusudhan Rao Nalam and Dr. Ramjee Pallela at CCMB-AIC
3. Partnered with contract manufacturers in Hyderabad to meet 1000 units per day production
4. Tech has been demo-ed to central health ministry and multiple state governments
1. Proposal talks about conducting a pilot focused on last mile delivery of the vaccines to public health centers as well as hospitals by small category unmanned aerial vehicles with long endurance
2. Once successful, this pilot can be replicated, scaled up and launched in various regions of the country, particularly in difficult terrains
103,00,000 plus overheads
CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratory, CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum and IIIT Bengaluru
Karnataka (pilot to be implemented in Hoskote, near Bengaluru)
Director, CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation
1. Utilize widely used and commercially available vapor compression cycle-based refrigeration technology for storage and transportation of vaccines
2. Use the technology to develop prototype mobile vaccination carts with battery packs and power electronics to run the refrigeration unit. These mobile carts will enable the delivery of vaccination dosage to people in off-grid and rural areas and will be primed with enough battery packs to sustain cold storage of vaccination
3. The cold chain transportation would involve moving the vaccines in lots of 10,000 doses over a maximum time period of 48 hours without degradation of the vaccine. Online and offline monitoring of the temperature of the refrigerator and availability of data on the cloud will be enabled for remote and centralized monitoring of each mobile unit
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Dr. Kanwar S. Nalwa