The Indian subcontinent has a unique and large geological heritage. It is important to preserve this as it provides the link of the present to past. India was a cradle for the evolution of many biotic elements and their subsequent dispersal to other continents. Thus, fossils and geological features form an important component of India’s natural heritage besides their role in understanding past and present-day climate system and in the exploration of natural resources. It is important that our unique geological heritage should be showcased in an exemplary manner which is both scientific and educative through establishing a state-of-the-art Earth Museum.